digitalocean ubuntu下搭建wordpress教程


http://www.digitalocean.com/?refcode=27266d71d7ba

使用这个链接送10美金,可以免费用两个月

使用putty或类似的SSH工具登陆VPS或服务器

  • 登陆后运行:

    apt-get install screen
    screen -S lnmp
    

    为啥要用screen

    下载并安装LNMP一键安装包:

wget -c http://soft.vpser.net/lnmp/lnmp1.2-full.tar.gz && tar zxf lnmp1.2-full.tar.gz && cd lnmp1.2-full && ./install.sh lnmp

如需要安装LNMPA或LAMP,将./install.sh 后面的参数替换为lnmpa或lamp即可。

按上述命令执行后,会出现如下提示:

+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|          LNMP V1.2 for Ubuntu Linux Server, Written by Licess          |
+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|        A tool to auto-compile & install LNMP/LNMPA/LAMP on Linux       |
+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|          For more information please visit http://www.lnmp.org         |
+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
Please setup root password of MySQL.(Default password: root)
Please enter:

需要设置MySQL的root密码(不输入直接回车将会设置为root),输入后回车进入下一步,如下图所示:

Do you want to enable or disable the InnoDB Storage Engine?
Default enable,Enter your choice [Y/n]:

这里需要确认是否启用MySQL InnoDB,如果不确定是否启用可以输入 y ,输入 y 表示启用,输入 n 表示不启用。默认为y 启用,输入后回车进入下一步,选择MySQL版本:

You have 5 options for your DataBase install.
1: Install MySQL 5.1.73
2: Install MySQL 5.5.42 (Default)
3: Install MySQL 5.6.23
4: Install MariaDB 5.5.42
5: Install MariaDB 10.0.17
Enter your choice (1, 2, 3, 4 or 5):

输入MySQL或MariaDB版本的序号,回车进入下一步,选择PHP版本:

You have 5 options for your PHP install.
1: Install PHP 5.2.17
2: Install PHP 5.3.29
3: Install PHP 5.4.41 (Default)
4: Install PHP 5.5.25
5: Install PHP 5.6.9
Enter your choice (1, 2, 3, 4 or 5):

输入PHP版本的序号,回车进入下一步,选择是否安装内存优化:

You have 3 options for your Memory Allocator install.
1: Don't install Memory Allocator. (Default)
2: Install Jemalloc
3: Install TCMalloc
Enter your choice (1, 2 or 3):

可以选择不安装、Jemalloc或TCmalloc,输入对应序号回车。

如果是LNMPA或LAMP的话还需要设置管理员邮箱

再选择Apache版本

提示”Press any key to install…or Press Ctrl+c to cancel”后,按回车键确认开始安装。
LNMP脚本就会自动安装编译Nginx、MySQL、PHP、phpMyAdmin、Zend Optimizer这几个软件。

============================== Check install ==============================
Checking ...
Nginx: OK
MySQL: OK
PHP: OK
PHP-FPM: OK
+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|          LNMP V1.2 for Ubuntu Linux Server, Written by Licess          |
+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|         For more information please visit http://www.lnmp.org          |
+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|    lnmp status manage: lnmp {start|stop|reload|restart|kill|status}    |
+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|  phpMyAdmin: http://IP/phpmyadmin/                                     |
|  phpinfo: http://IP/phpinfo.php                                        |
|  Prober:  http://IP/p.php                                              |
+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|  Add VirtualHost: lnmp vhost add                                       |
+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|  Default directory: /home/wwwroot/default                              |
+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|  MySQL/MariaDB root password: root                          |
+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
+-------------------------------------------+
|    Manager for LNMP, Written by Licess    |
+-------------------------------------------+
|              http://lnmp.org              |
+-------------------------------------------+
nginx (pid 31181 31179) is running...
php-fpm is runing!
 * MySQL running (31504)
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:22              0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:3306            0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:80              0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN
tcp6       0      0 :::22                   :::*                    LISTEN

安装时间可能会几十分钟到几个小时不等,主要是机器的配置网速等原因会造成影响。

安装完成

如果显示Nginx: OK,MySQL: OK,PHP: OK

并且Nginx、MySQL、PHP都是running,80和3306端口都存在,并Install lnmp V1.2 completed! enjoy it.的话,说明已经安装成功。
接下来按添加虚拟主机教程,添加虚拟主机,通过sftp或ftp服务器上传网站,将域名解析到VPS或服务器的IP上,解析生效即可使用。

添加ftp服务

执行命令:

    cd /root/lnmp1.2-full
   ./pureftpd.sh

执行后面的操作

    ================================================
   Virtualhost infomation:
   +----------------------------------------------------------+
   |          Pureftpd for LNMP,  Written by Licess           |
   +----------------------------------------------------------+
   |This script is a tool to install pureftpd for LNMP        |
   +----------------------------------------------------------+
   |For more information please visit http://www.lnmp.org     |
   +----------------------------------------------------------+
   |Usage: ./pureftpd.sh                                      |
   +----------------------------------------------------------+
   verify your current database root password: root
   MySQL root password correct.
   Please enter password of User manager: root
   ==================================================
   Your password of User manager:root
   ==================================================
   Please enter password of mysql ftp user: root

   Press any key to install...or Press Ctrl+c to cancel

5.
执行:lnmp vhost add 出现如下界面:

   root@host:~/lnmp1.2-full# lnmp vhost add
   +-------------------------------------------+
   |    Manager for LNMP, Written by Licess    |
   +-------------------------------------------+
   |              http://lnmp.org              |
   +-------------------------------------------+
   Please enter domain(example: www.lnmp.org): 265android.com
    ======================================
    Your domain: 265android.com
    ======================================
   Do you want to add more domain name? (y/n) y
   Enter domain name(example: lnmp.org * .lnmp.org): www.265android.com
   domain list: www.265android.com
   Please enter the directory for the domain: 265android.com
   (Default directory: /home/wwwroot/265android.com):
   Virtual Host Directory: /home/wwwroot/265android.com
    ===========================
   Allow Rewrite rule? (y/n)
    ===========================
   y
   Please enter the rewrite of programme:
   wordpress,discuz,typecho,sablog,dabr rewrite was exist.
   (Default rewrite: other):wordpress
    ===========================
   You choose rewrite=wordpress
    ===========================
    ===========================
   Allow access_log? (y/n)
    ===========================
   n
    ======================================================
   Create database and MySQL user with same name (y/n)
    ======================================================
   y
   verify your current MySQL root password: root
   MySQL root password correct.
   Enter database name: root
   Your will create a database and MySQL user with same name: root
   Please enter password for mysql user root: root
   Your password: root

    ======================================================
   Create ftp account (y/n)
    ======================================================
   y
   Enter ftp account name: user
   Enter password for ftp account user: user

   Press any key to start create virtul host...

最后的信息大概是这样的

 ================================================
Virtualhost infomation:
Your domain: 265android.com
Home Directory: /home/wwwroot/265android.com
Rewrite: wordpress
Enable log: no
Database username: root
Database userpassword: root
Database Name: root
FTP account name: user
FTP account password: user
 ================================================

安装wordpress

###先切换到网站目录下

cd /home/wwwroot/

wget http://cn.wordpress.org/wordpress-3.9-zh_CN.zip

unzip wordpress-3.9-zh_CN.zip

cp -R wordpress/* /home/wwwroot/265android.com

设置目录权限

cd /home/wwwroot/265android.com
chmod -R 777 wp-admin/
chmod -R 777 wp-content/
chmod -R 777 wp-includes/
chmod -R 777 wp-config-sample.php
chmod -R 777 readme.html

创建数据库

在安装lnmp之后我们就已经可以通过IP打开默认网站,通过上面的phpmyadmin我们可以操作数据库(http://你的服务器ip/phpmyadmin/)

输入登录用户名和密码,默认都是root

dns解析

最后将a记录解析到服务器ip,然后在浏览器里面输入刚才设置域名即可开始安装,按照提示输数据库名,账号密码之后即可开始安装。

到此在VPS上用lnmp搭wordpress就完成了。

配置wordpress

打开:http://[服务器ip或者解析后的域名]/wp-admin/install.php,可以看到

似乎wp-config.php文件不存在。WordPress需要这个文件方可正常工作。

需要帮助?没问题!

您可以通过我们提供的web向导来创建wp-config.php文件,但并非所有服务器都支持我们的配置向导。最安全、传统的办法是手动创建该文件。

点击创建配置文件,填入之前配置的信息

数据库名:wordpress
用户名:root
密码:root
数据库主机:localhost
表前缀:wp_android

后面就是配置站点信息了,这个是以后登录wordpress后台需要的.

由于当前wp版本是3.9,不是最新的,系统会提示更新,如果此时点击立即更新是需要输入ftp账号等信息的。

但是之前使用其他服务商的产品没有这个过程,怎么样可以省去这个步骤呢。

chattr -ais /home/wwwroot/265android.com/.user.ini
chown -R www /home/wwwroot/265android.com/

现在点击下立即更新试试,不用输入ftp账号信息了吧^_ ^

附上一些参考连接

详细安装
http://lnmp.org/install.html

LNMP一键安装包 PHP自动升级脚本
http://www.vpser.net/manage/lnmp-upgrade-php-script.html

管理lnmp常用命令,lnmp重启,start|stop|reload|restart等命令
http://www.hongyanliren.com/67.html

LNMP添加、删除虚拟主机及伪静态使用教程
http://lnmp.org/faq/lnmp-vhost-add-howto.html

LNMP下FTP服务器的安装与使用方法(Pureftpd和Proftpd)
http://www.jb51.net/article/38192.htm

Chown operation not permitted for root
http://serverfault.com/questions/60711/chown-operation-not-permitted-for-root

文章目录
  1. 1. 使用putty或类似的SSH工具登陆VPS或服务器
  2. 2. 下载并安装LNMP一键安装包:
  3. 3. 安装完成
  4. 4. 添加ftp服务
  5. 5. 安装wordpress
    1. 5.1. 设置目录权限
    2. 5.2. 创建数据库
    3. 5.3. dns解析
    4. 5.4. 配置wordpress
  6. 6. 附上一些参考连接